The Full Form of IIT is the Indian Institutes of Technology. IITs are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, which has declared them as institutions of national importance and lays down their powers, duties, and framework for governance.
The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists twenty-three institutes. Each IIT is autonomous, linked to the others through a common council (IIT Council), which oversees their administration. The Minister of Human Resource Development is the ex officio Chairperson of the IIT Council.
As of 2018, the total number of seats for undergraduate programs in all IITs is 11,279. The only major requirement to admit to these institutions is to pass the JEE Advanced.
The history of the IIT system dates back to 1946 when Sir Jogendra Singh of the Viceroy’s Executive Council set up a committee whose task was to consider the creation of Higher Technical Institutions for post-war industrial development in India.
The Full Form of IIT is: Indian Institutes of Technology
The 22-member committee, headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar, recommended the establishment of these institutions in various parts of India, along the lines of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with affiliated secondary institutions.
The first Indian Institute of Technology was founded in May 1950 at the site of the Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur, West Bengal. The name “Indian Institute of Technology” was adopted before the formal inauguration of the institute on 18 August 1951 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
On 15 September 1956, the Parliament of India passed the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) Act, declaring it as an Institute of National Importance. Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India, in the first convocation address of IIT Kharagpur in 1956 said.
|Graduate Level||Graduate Level||Graduate Level|
|1.||UG Courses||Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.)|
|Bachelor of Science (B.S.)|
|Dual Degree (B.Tech.-M.Tech.)|
|Dual Degree (B.S. & M.S.)|
|Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.)|
|Bachelor of Design (B.Des.)|
|2.||PG Courses||Master of Science (M.Sc.)|
|M.Sc.-Ph.D. – Dual Degree|
|Master of Technology (M.Tech.)|
|Master of Design (M.Des.)|
|Master of Business Administration (MBA)|
|Master of Philosophy (M.Phil)|
|3.||Doctoral Courses||Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)|
1. Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.)
Computer Science & Engineering Department
2. Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
3. Dual Degree (B.Tech.-M.Tech.)
Energy Science and Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering & Materials Science
4. Dual Degree (B.S. & M.S.)
5. Master of Science (M.Sc.)
6. M.Sc.-Ph.D. – Dual Degree
Environmental Science and Engineering
7. Master of Technology (M.Tech.)
Computer Science and Engineering
8. Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D.
9. Integrated Ph.D.
To be eligible for admissions to B.Tech and Dual degree programmes at IITs, candidates must have secured a minimum of 75% aggregate marks in the qualifying examination. Admissions to the above courses at IITs is based on two engineering entrance exams and a joint counselling process.
Step 1: Joint Entrance Exam ( JEE Main)
Step 2: JEE Advanced
Step 3: Joint Seat Allocation Authority ( JoSAA Counselling)
IIT final placements commence in the month of December every year. Students apply for different companies, and choose the best option among the job offers available. The students’ choice depends on the nature of work, salary offered etc. Here is the complete analysis of the highest package offered to IIT B.Tech/ M.Tech graduates so far. The data given below includes the latest placement record of IITs.
|Name of the IIT||Highest Salary Offered||Average Salary Offered||Top Recruiters|
|IIT Bombay||Rs. 1.5 Crore Per Annum||Rs.. 18 (Lakh Per Annum)||MicrosoftGoldman SachsQualcommTata SteelUberMorgan StanleyRubrik|
|IIT Madras||Rs. 95.87 LPA||Rs. 12 – 20 LPA||DellIntelMicrosoftSamsung Research InstituteTivoBarclaysOyoAxis BankFlipkart|
|IIT Kharagpur||Rs. 1 Crore Per Annum||Rs. 13.3 LPA||IntelQuantiphiPWCTata SteelGoldman SachsSAP LabsQualcomm|
|IIT Kanpur||Rs. 1.42 Crore Per Annum||Rs. 15.8 LPA||To be Updated|
|IIT Delhi||Rs. 1.4 Crore Per Annum||To be Updated||MicrosoftEXLBangaloreSamsung ResearchGoldman SachsIntel|
|IIT Indore||6 milliion Yen (International)36.5 lakh (Domestic)||Rs. 16.6 LPA||Bharat SeatsIntelL & TDE ShawMAQ SoftwareCognizantAmazonL & T Infotech|
|IIT Goa||To be Updated||To be Updated||To be Updated|
|IIT Guwahati||Rs. 44 lakh (Domestic)Rs. 1.5 crore (International)||Rs. 15.57 LPA||CognizantTata MotorsL & TRelianceAmeican ExpressAdobeAmazonSamsungMicrosoft|
|IIT Roorkee||Rs. 1.5 crore (International)RS. 47 lakh (Domestic)||Rs. 20 LPA||MicrosoftUberONGCITCISROSchlumbergerGoldman SachsTower Research|
|IIT Hyderabad||Rs. 40 LPA||Rs. 11.5 LPA||QualcommGoldman SachsOracleDE ShawYahoo JapanMaruti SuzukiSchlumbergerVedantaL & TRenault NissanTCS|
|IIT Patna||Rs. 49.80 LPA||Rs. 11.47 LPA||SamsungCapgeminiL & T ECCDESISMicrosoftMahindra & MahindraISROInfosysAdobeAmazon India|
|IIT Jammu||To be Updated||To be Updated||To be Updated|
|IIT Ropar||To be Updated||Rs. 11.7 LPA||Tata MotorsAmazonReliance JioGoldman SachsSamsungISROSaavanMahindra & Mahindra|
|IIT (BHU) Varanasi||Rs. 1.38 Crore Per Annum||Rs. 8.19 LPA||IntelMindtickleTower ResearchUberOracleMicrosoftGoldman Sachs|
|IIT Gandhinagar||To be Updated||Rs. 16.3 LPA||Bharat PetroleumCognizantEricssonITC LtdTata MotorsTCSVirtusa|
|IIT Jodhpur||Rs. 32.5 LPA||Rs. 11 LPA||Tata MotorsTVSVolvo EicherMahindraMorgan StanleyAmazonDE ShawGoldman SachsMicrosoft|
|IIT Tirupati||To be Updated||To be Updated||To be Updated|
|IIT Dhanbad||Rs. 41.89 LPA||Rs. 11 LPA||AccentureTata MotorsPWCDE ShawBerger PaintsAvanti LearningVedantaCapgeminiBPCLByju’s LearningCrisilCoal India|
|IIT Bhubaneswar||Rs. 39 LPA||Rs. 11.15 LPA||AdobeTCS R & DInfosysOracleSamsung R & DRenault NissanGoldman SachsISRO|
|IIT Dharwad||To be Updated||To be Updated||To be Updated|
|IIT Palakkad||To be Updated||To be Updated||To be Updated|
|IIT Bhilai||To be Updated||To be Updated||To be Updated|
|IIT Mandi||To be Updated||Rs. 27 LPA||Goldman SachsOyoroomsWiproSiemensDE ShawLeptonmapsKisanhubPlacnetworksPaly Simple|
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