The Full Form of ALS is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. ALS may be a neurodegenerative disease that affects motor nerve cells within the brain and spinal cords. it’s a progressive disease because it gets worse over time and causes the death of nerve cells that control the voluntary muscles.
Eventually, the motor nerve cells can no longer send impulses/signals to muscles, and muscles begin to waste away or decrease in size. This is also known as Motor Neuron Disease (MND).
ALS can be of two types, sporadic and familial. Sporadic is the most common type of ALS in the U.S. Familial, as the name suggests, is a hereditary disease as it passes from one generation to next generation.
The Full Form of ALS is: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
It affects the power of the brain to initiate and coordinate muscle movement and therefore the person might not speak, eat, move, and breathe properly.
The word “Amyotrophic” comes from the Greek language. it’s a mixture of three words, “A” means no. “Myo” means muscle and “Trophic” means nourishment, so it means no muscle nourishment. ALS is discovered by a French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot in 1869. it’s also called Lou Gehrig’s disease, after the famous base ballplayer who was diagnosed with this medical condition.
Common Symptoms of ALS:
The symptoms of ALS may vary from person to person. Some of the common symptoms of ALS are as follows:
- Tight and stiff muscles
- Muscle cramps
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing
- Muscle twitches in the arm, leg, shoulder or tongue
- Difficulty breathing and speaking
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