The Full Form of NRC is the National Register of Citizens. It was prepared for the first time in the year of 1951 after the Census . It means the register containing names of Indian Citizens in Assam.
What does NRC mean to you?
The names included in the NRC, 1951, or in an Electoral Roll up to the midnight of 24th March 1971 together are called Legacy Data. Accordingly, there are two conditions for a person’s name to be included in the updated NRC list of 2018
- The person’s name should exist in the pre-1971 period or in the legacy data.
- The person should prove linkage with a person whose name appears in the legacy data.
It depends on whether you are a resident of Assam, which has already had an NRC exercise, or whether you belong to another state. While Assam is the only state to have an NRC, first prepared in 1951 and finally updated in 2019, the proposed nationwide exercise would be a first for the rest of India.
The Full Form of NRC is: National Register of Citizens
The demand to update the NRC of 1951 was first raised by the All Assam Student’s Union (AASU) and Assam Gana Parishad around three decades ago.
These organizations had submitted a memorandum to the Centre on January 18, 1980, and on 17 November 1999 at a tripartite meeting a decision was made to update the NRC and centre sanctioned funds to start the exercise.
It aims to weed out the illegal migration from Bangladesh and other adjoining areas. The NRC is updated under the Citizenship Act, 1955 and according to rules mentioned in the Assam Accord. The final list of NRC is released on 30th July 2018.
What could be a cutoff date for a nationwide NRC?
While this has not been defined, citizenship laws are in place. According to the Citizenship Act, 1955, amended in 1986, anyone born in India up to July 1, 1987 is an Indian citizen by birth.
For those who born on or after July 1, 1987, the law set out a fresh condition: one of the parents must be an Indian citizen.
Amendment in the year of 2003, for any individual born on or after December 3, 2004 to be considered an Indian citizen, one parent must be an Indian citizen while the other must not be an illegal immigrant.
Eligibility Criteria for Inclusion in NRC:
- A person should be included in the Census of 1951.
- A person should be the descendants of the above-mentioned persons
- A person should be on the Electoral Rolls up to midnight 24 March 1971
- A D voter can apply to be included if he or she is declared non-foreigner by an appropriate Foreign Tribunal.
- A person, who can provide any one of the documents mentioned in the list of documents and issued up to midnight of 24 March 1971, is eligible for citizenship.
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